MONTGOMERY — A new statewide map shows the significant portions in Alabama that lack access to high-speed internet, an issue that has become a priority for some lawmakers in recent legislative sessions.
The map from the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) shows areas that have adequate broadband access, areas that don’t — they’re in every county — and areas that have applied for state-funded broadband grants.
In this year’s education budget, $20 million was allocated for rural broadband access grants administered through ADECA.
In order for an area to be counted as being “served” it has to have a minimum internet speed of 25 megabits per second for downloads and uploads of 3 Mbps.
Currently, ADECA has 61 applicants for state-funded grant money. It’s reviewing them, but there isn't enough money in the Broadband Accessibility Fund to pay for them all. They total around $30 million and the fund currently only has about $25 million, Maureen Neighbors, ADECA’s Energy Division chief, told a group of lawmakers recently.
Kenneth Boswell, ADECA director, told the House Ways and Means Education Committee that statewide and regional plans currently being developed will help roll out broadband needs now and in the future. Boswell said the state funding for rural broadband needs to continue to meet needs.
ADECA has a $1.5 million contract with CTC Technology and Energy to develop a statewide plan for broadband access. That plan is scheduled to be finished by Jan. 21, 2021.
“We develop a plan and a way to deploy and give people access to the product, but I would be telling you a story if I said state dollars could stop because just as soon as this plan comes in, parts of it will be obsolete,” Boswell said.
Rep. Debbie Wood, R-Valley, said she is concerned certain areas of the state are getting broadband coverage while other areas are being overlooked.
“I’m just saying that if you look at the map, you really get an understanding of how we’re losing our people and we’re losing it to other areas of our state,” Wood said. “If you look to the north, it’s almost covered with internet access. We need to make sure that the money is being spread to 67 counties; it cannot just go to one area.”
Boswell said the consultants from CTC Technology and Energy will be able to give recommendations to lawmakers so as to avoid that problem.
Currently, ADECA scores different applicants based upon the set of standards laid out in the original legislation.
The score is based on the project description, the applicant’s budget, how many people and businesses will be served, and if the applicant is a certified minority business.
Wood said the lack of broadband in rural areas is straining the teacher shortage crisis.
“We are trying to come up with as much money as we can to invest in our young people, but then after we put in those dollars they leave our state, but if you look at this map you kind of get the idea why,” Wood said. “You get the idea of how important this is; young people want technology.”
Rep. Bill Poole, R-Tuscaloosa, said he was “pleasantly surprised” by ADECA’s broadband plans, but still wants to make sure state dollars are being used wisely.
“It’s a private industry issue but the service provided to Alabamians is critical to our competitiveness, our quality of life, our economic ability," Poole said. "Everybody relies on the internet now, so we need to help get it there, but we’ve got to have the proper balances.
“We’re trying to figure out how to sharpen the system, how to cover as many people as possible with as few dollars as possible, but make the necessary investment.”
Poole said once the review process is done for the 61 applicants, it will be more clear as to what allocations are needed.
“We’re not sure how many are ineligible or eligible, so it will be very interesting to see how those numbers fall,” he said.